Big bet on big oil
Berkshire backed up the truck on OXY after the company’s latest earnings conference call held in late February. Buffett read the transcript and liked what he saw.
“I read every word, and said this is exactly what I would be doing. She’s running the company the right way,” the billionaire investor told CNBC, referring to Occidental CEO Vicki Hollub. “We started buying on Monday and we bought all we could.”
In Q4 of 2021, Occidental generated $8.01 billion of revenue, representing a 139 per cent increase year over year. Adjusted earnings per share came in at $1.48, a marked improvement over the adjusted loss of 65 cents per share in the year-ago period.
Growth was across the board: Oil and gas revenue rose 95 per cent year over year, chemical revenue jumped 59 per cent, while midstream and marketing revenue more than doubled.
In the conference call, Hollub highlighted Occidental’s strong operational results, improved balance sheet and a new shareholder-return framework.
On Feb. 24, the company’s board of directors declared a regular quarterly dividend of 13 cents per share on OXY common shares, a whopping 1,200 per cent increase over the prior quarter’s payout of just 1 cent per share. The company also announced a $3 billion share repurchase program.
While Berkshire’s recent bet on big oil is making headlines, this isn’t the first time that Buffett has invested in Occidental.
In 2019, Berkshire spent $10 billion on Occidental preferred shares to help the company purchase its fellow Houston-based energy producer Anadarko Petroleum. Occidental pays a dividend of 8 per cent annually on that preferred stock, providing Berkshire with $200 million each quarter in dividend income.
The arrangement also gives Berkshire warrants to purchase 83.9 million shares of Occidental common stock at an exercise price of $59.62.
Hot stock in a hot space
Strong commodity prices greatly benefited oil producers in 2021. Among the 11 sectors of the S&P 500, energy was by far the best performing one in 2021, returning an impressive 48 per cent, substantially exceeding the S&P 500’s 27 per cent gain for the year.
That gap in performance has only widened in 2022. The energy sector is already up more than 30 per cent year to date versus the S&P’s 12 per cent decline over the same timeframe.
It’s not hard to understand why: Oil prices were already in a clear upward trend before Russia’s invasion of Ukraine further fueled the rally.
Bank of America recently said that crude oil could hit $200 a barrel if the West cuts off Russia’s energy exports.
A rising tide lifts all boats, but Occidental has spiked higher than most of its peers, returning a massive 87 per cent already in 2022.
Will the rally continue?
To be sure, Buffett’s recent stake in Occidental is a big reason why investors have enthusiastically bid up the shares. In fact, they’re now trading above the price targets of several Wall Street firms that have been bullish on the company.
Morgan Stanley boosted its price target on OXY in January from $48 to $50 and maintained a buy rating. The shares now trade at around $58 a piece.
Bank of America re-rated OXY after the recent spike, downgrading it from buy to neutral on March 8. But the bank also raised its price target on Occidental to $80, roughly 38 per cent above current levels.